Mkhalidwe Wamakono ndi Chiyembekezo cha PTA Chain ndi Msika

PX ndiwowongolera popanga zida zonse za polyester, Kusintha kwazogulitsa kumakhudza kwambiri makampani onse. kulowa mwanjira zachitukuko cha kudzikwanira kwa China mu Xylene Road Research.

Choyamba, yang'anani za kupezeka kwa PX kwapadziko lonse ndi momwe zinthu zilili. Pa dziko lonse China, South Korea, India, Japan ndi United States adakhala nawo asanu apamwamba. , monga wopanga wamkulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, India ndiwonso umafunikira kwambiri. Chifukwa cha kufunikira kwakunyumba kotuluka, pafupifupi 60% ya zofunika pachaka zimafunika kudalira Ndi katundu ochokera kumayiko oyandikana monga South Korea ndi Japan. Mu 2018, kutulutsa kwa PX ku China kunali matani miliyoni 10,31 miliyoni, ndipo voliyumu yake yolowera inali yokwana matani miliyoni 15,63, mwakulankhula kwina, imafunika kulowetsa matani opitilira 1 miliyoni a PX mwezi uliwonse.

Motsogozedwa ndi kusiyana kwa msika ndi kukopa phindu kuti apereke mfundo zothandizira kufutukula kwa mapangidwe a Para xylene ku China adalowa nyengo yatsopano mu 2005For H Hlili Petrochemical ku Dalian, Shenghong Petrochemical ku Lianyungang, Jiangsu Mu 2019, PX yatsopano yopanga ya 4.5 matani miliyoni a Hengli Petrochemical Company, Hongrun Petrochemical Company, yomwe idayamba kugwira ntchito mu Ogasiti, ndipo Hainan Refining ndi Chemical Phase II, yomwe idayamba kugwira ntchito mu Okutobala, onse azindikira ntchito. Nthawi yomweyo, kotala lachinayi, pali kukhazikitsidwa kosankhidwa, ndipo kuli kotheka kukhazikitsa. Akuti chiwonetsero chatsopanochi chidzafika matani mamiliyoni 10.3 pachaka, chiwonjezeko cha 53% munthawi yomweyo chaka chatha. Kuyambira 2020 mpaka 2022, pakadali matani 25 miliyoni, ndipo kwatsopano adzaika mumsika wina ndi mzake.

Poyerekeza kuseri kwa nyumba yochotsera chakudya cha PX ku China ndikuwonetsetsa kuti zisintha zisintha kwambiri. Ndi kufutukuka kwaposachedwa kwa mphamvu ya kapangidwe ka PX ka China, njira yamtsogolo komanso njira yofunikira ku Northeast Asia posachedwa itembenuka kukhala yochulukirapo, ndipo poyang'ana mtunda woyenera ndi phindu, itha kutumizidwanso kumayiko omwe ali ndi malire osowa. Maubwenzi azamalonda kumwera chakum'mawa chakum'mawa kwa Asia, Palinso kuthekera kwa kutumiza kumayiko amodzi kusandukira malonda

Kuchokera pamalingaliro opezeka padziko lonse lapansi ndi momwe amafunidwira padziko lonse lapansi, China ndiye gwero lalikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi logulitsa, komanso wogula wamkulu kwambiri. Zomwe zimachitika pachaka cha China padziko lonse lapansi zinali matani 52.29 miliyoni, zomwe zimaposa theka la dziko lonse lapansi. Kuchokera pamalingaliro akuyenda kwamayiko padziko lonse lapansi, kuchuluka kwathunthu kopita ku China ndi matani 760,000, makamaka kuchokera ku Thailand, Taiwan ndi South Korea.

Kuchokera pamachitidwe opezeka kunyumba, momwe amapezera phindu ndi chofunikira chofunikira cha kuperekera kwa PT. Mu 2011, PHP idalowa ndikukula, zomwe zidapangitsa kuti pakhale kuchuluka kwakukulu kwaumbidwe, zomwe zidapangitsa kuti PDA ipezeke bwino. Pansi pa mpikisano, njira yayitali yopanga phindu imakhala yoperewera, kuthekera kwina kubwezeretsa kumbuyo kumachotsedwa, ndikupereka ndi kufunikira kumakhala kolimba.Tseguka mu 2017, PK idalowa gawo lokweza phindu la kutukuka. Mu 2019, phindu la PTA kamodzi lidakwera mpaka 1700 yuan pa ton.PK idabweretsa chiwonetsero chatsopano.

Zowonetsedwa ndi kukonzanso kwa chilengedwe, kuthamangitsa polyester, kukulitsa mphamvu Kuchulukitsa kwa mafakitale a polyester kwakhala kotukuka kwambiri, komwe ndiye kachitidwe kofunikira kwambiri kwa mafakitale a polyester m'zaka ziwiri zapitazi. Kuphatikizidwa ndi kufutukuka, kukulira kwa polyester, mpikisano umakulirakulira, kotero kuti phindu lopanga limatsika kwambiri, mphamvu yopanga poloster yamtsogolo imakhala yanzeru.

Kukula kwa ntchito zamaofesi sikogwirizana, gawo lolimba la zopangira linakakamiza phindu la mbewu ya polyester, chomera cha polyester chimataya phindu pachaka. Kuchokera pamalingaliro amtsogolo, kusintha kwa polyester kukucheperachepera m'tsogolo, komanso zovuta za njira ndi zotsika mtengo ndizothandiza pakukulitsa phindu la polyester. Komabe, kulimbana kwa malonda ku Sino-US kukhudza msika kumlingo wina. Malipiro opangira nsalu ku China azikhudza mwachangu zovala za China kupita ku United States, ngakhale kuli zisonyezo zakusintha kwa zokambirana zaposachedwa zamalonda ku Sino US. Chiyanjano cha Sino-US chiwonetsero cha China pamalipiro azovala zamtunduwu zimakhudzidwa mwachindunji pazovala zaku China kupita ku United States. Ngakhale pali zizindikiro zabwino mu zokambirana zaposachedwa zamalonda ku Sino-US, zovala za EU ndi zopinga zina za malonda motsutsana ndi China zakula pang'onopang'ono m'zaka zaposachedwa, ndipo izi zikuwonekeratu. Izi zikhudza mwachindunji kutumiza kunja kwa China.

 


Nthawi yolembetsa: Aug-21-2020